One of the most famous and successful investors of the 20th century, is Benjamin Graham. He was one of the first value investors. Other investors had used the same approach on investing before. But since Benjamin Graham began teaching value investing, it became more common.
Successful investors: Sir John Maynard Keynes
In this new series of articles, successful investors are honored. The life of these successful investors will be described briefly. And naturally the investment methods of these successful investors will be explained. This way, you can get an insight in how these investors became successful and what you can learn from these successful investors. The first article in this new series: Sir John Maynard Keynes.
Discount model part 4: Profit
This article about using the profits of a company for calculating the company value is the final part in this series. Part 1 discusses the general principles and calculation of the discount model. Part 2 and 3 explain the calculation of the company value with the discount model using the cash flow and dividend.
Investors cash flow
Many investors use the cash flow of a company as an important indicator. Investors find a company with an increasing cash flow worth investing in. When the company has a negative or declining cash flow, investors will think again about investing in such a company.
A positive cash flow means that the company can continue their current operations in the future. On the other hand, a company that will spend more money than it receives, the company will not be able to pay their bills in the future. So the cash flow determines the continuity of a company.
Discount model part 3: Dividends
In this part of the article series about the discount model, I will discuss the dividends discount model (or DDM). In previous articles in this series, the basis and calculation of the discount model and the cash flow discount model are described.
In this article, I write about the pros and cons of the use of the dividends when calculating the discount of shares of a company. Besides that, I also explain the specific principles and attention points for the dividends discount model. I will also discuss the origin of the discount models (not specific the dividends discount model) and the investors that use the discount model.
Discount model part 2: Cash flow
In part one of the discount model series, the different discount model types and the calculation of the discount model are discussed. Part two of the discount model article series is aimed at the cash flow discount model (or discounted cash flow model). In this article the reason why the cash flow is used in the discount model, what the different types of cash flows are and the shortcomings of the discounted cash flow models.
Why nature and the economy are similar
The economy and biology are strangely connected. In both the economy and biology similar events occur that have similar causes. In this article, I will name some causes and effects. Within the plant- and animal life, there are periods of growth and decline, just as in the economy. But that is just a comparison on a very high level. What can we learn from the science of biology?
Discount model part 1: Basics
In the next four articles I will discuss the discount model and the various variances: the cashflow discount model, the dividend discount model and the profit discount model. In this article, the idea behind the discount model, the one and two stage discount model, and the calculation of the discount models are explained. In the following articles I will discuss each of the three variances.